Treatment of gynecomastia in Cherkasy
Gynecomastia is a pathological process caused by hypertrophy of the glandular or adipose tissue of the mammary gland. Breast augmentation can be unilateral or affect both breasts.
In addition to the aesthetic defect, the disease can lead to such serious consequences as the development of malignant tumors. Also, patients often feel discomfort and tenderness in the mammary glands.
Causes and symptoms of gynecomastia
Hypertrophy of the mammary tissue has pronounced signs:
- discomfort - heaviness, itching in the mammary glands;
- pain with active physical exertion;
- an increase in the volume of one or both glands;
- feeling of pressure in the chest;
- pigmentation of the nipples and their increase in diameter;
- discharge from the nipple - transparent or milky, of liquid consistency;
- elastic induration under the skin when palpating.
If you reveal one or more of the listed symptoms in yourself, you should consult a doctor and undergo an examination.
Causes of gynecomastia
There are numerous causes of gynecomastia in men. Most often, the disease is caused by hormonal imbalance (lack of androgens and/or the predominance of estrogen). With hormonal imbalance, the concentration of estrogen in the blood increases, which induces breast hyperplasia.
Also, an increase in the man’s blood of prolactin hormone levels triggers the development of the female type breast. This is an important symptom that makes the doctor suggest the pituitary tumors.
Endocrine diseases can provoke gynecomastia. With thyrotoxicosis, diffuse goiter, diabetes and obesity, the metabolism is significantly disturbed. Slow metabolism affects negatively the balance of hormones.
The general condition of the body is of great importance in the development of diseases of the mammary glands. Chronic inflammatory, infectious diseases are not the immediate cause of gynecomastia. However, they are able to aggravate the current situation and provoke an exacerbation.
Diagnostics of the disease
In case of signs of gynecomastia, you should contact the mammology clinic. It is advisable to be examined by an endocrinologist. The specialist will prescribe you all the necessary tests and studies. The blood parameters make an important criterion in the diagnostics, such as liver enzymes, rest nitrogen, urea and creatinine. These are indicators of the rate of metabolic processes, and indicators of toxins in the body.
Clarification of the diagnosis may require the following laboratory and instrumental methods:
- mammary gland ultrasound;
- tissue biopsy;
- the study of regional lymph nodes.
How is the treatment performed?
Sometimes hypertrophic changes in the mammary glands disappear independently. But most often the drug therapy is required.
At the initial stages of the pathological process, conservative treatment is sufficient. It comprises the prescription of hormone replacement therapy. These drugs normalize the ratio of sex hormones in the patient’s body, and benign hyperplasia is eliminated. Simultaneously, general tonic agents, immunomodulatory drugs and vitamins are prescribed.
If you note the first symptoms of the disease, make an appointment with a breast physician in Cherkasy. You will receive effective and painless gynecomastia treatment in the clinic DoctorPRO.