Treatment of hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is a viral hepatic injury damaging its cells, and in neglected cases – causing hepatic cirrhosis and cancer. There are several genotypes of virus causing hepatitis C; they differ in severity and pathogenicity. Disease course depends largely on the type of virus a patient becomes affected with. But in 80% of cases, viral hepatitis goes without any symptoms making it difficult to diagnosticate it and start timely treatment.
What is hepatitis C?
Hepatitis C is one of the most dangerous viral hepatic injuries in gastroenterology. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), over 185 million people in the world are vehicles of this disease, but only 20% know about it and receive the necessary treatment. In many patients, viral hepatitis is detected by chance: for example, during specific blood tests (before preparing for surgery).
What are the ways of getting infected? Hepatitis C is transmitted only hematogenously: through infected blood using non-sterile needles, surgical and dental instruments, nail scissors, etc. The incubation period lasts up to six months, symptoms of pathology depend on the immunity of a person. In most cases, the disease is asymptomatic, and only 10-13% of infected persons have a weakness, muscle pain and a slight increase in temperature.
Also, the virus can affect a child when passing through the birth canal (if the mother is infected), extremely rarely – with unprotected sexual contact, if the integrity of the mucous membranes is impaired. In everyday life (through dishes, towels, handshakes), the virus is not transmitted. The gastroenterologist can tell more about hepatitis transmission.
Signs of hepatitis are ill-defined. In rare cases, the following symptoms appear:
- general fatigue and apathy;
- slight fever;
- pain in muscles and joints.
In 10% of cases, jaundice and pain in the liver develop.
The stages of pathology development are as follows:
- acute – an asymptomatic course lasting up to 3 months. In most cases, it flows into the next form;
- chronic – can last throughout the whole life. Symptoms of chronic hepatitis are gradually aggravated, signs of liver injury appear, especially if a patient does not receive the necessary treatment;
- liver cirrhosis – one of the most dangerous consequences with organ disorder and cell destruction.
Hepatitis C is a treatable disease, provided, however, that timely treatment has been started. Effective treatment requires early diagnosis. Therefore, in case of any discomfort – lethargy, apathy, weakness – it is recommended to make an appointment to the medical center with a gastroenterologist for examination.
How is hepatitis C treated at the medical center “DoctorPRO”?
The main diagnostic method is a specific antibody assay.
If any virus is detected, center “DoctorPRO” carries out conservative therapy aimed at the following:
- removal of the inflammatory process in the liver;
- prevention of hepatitis development into cirrhosis or cancer;
- control of viral agents.
The duration of treatment depends on many factors: the type of virus, the response of the patient's body and other features of the pathology. The process is under the supervision of a gastroenterologist. To determine the therapy effectiveness, additional laboratory tests and ultrasound examination of the abdominal organs are referred.
The sooner the diagnostics is performed, the lower the risks of the dangerous consequences of viral liver injury. Make an appointment with a gastroenterologist at the medical center “DoctorPRO” right now.