Alopecia (hair loss)
Dying off and subsequent hair loss is a natural physiological process. Normally, a healthy person can drop up to 100 hairs daily. However, if there is a local decrease in the number of hairs or bald patches appear, then experts will diagnose alopecia. The disease does not only affect the scalp, baldness can occur in various parts of the body, such as eyebrows or hands.
Causes of hair loss
Alopecia is mainly mediated by genetic predisposition, but there are a number of diseases and conditions that lead to baldness (thyroid disease, anemia, hormonal changes, etc.). Sudden increased hair loss is a reason to contact a trichologist, as in most cases, hair loss can be stopped.
Depending on the cause, the following types of disease are distinguished:
- androgenic alopecia, leading to the formation of bald patches in men and thinning of hair in women against the background of impaired endocrine glands (adrenal glands, pituitary, etc.);
- cicatricial alopecia, in which the hair follicles are the target of inflammation and scars are formed in their place;
- seborrheic alopecia, which is based on the violation of the sebaceous glands;
- alopecia areata resulting from autoimmune disorders or inflammatory processes in the body;
- symptomatic alopecia, which is a complication of severe somatic diseases or a side effect of their treatment (for example, when taking anticoagulants or chemotherapy drugs).
According to the nature of hair loss, the disease is classified as a total with the loss of all hair, diffuse with a decrease in hair covering all over the body and focal (areata) alopecia, at which bald patches are formed.
How to treat alopecia?
Due to the variety of causes causing the disease, today in trichology there are many methods of therapy and remedies for hair loss. The choice of treatment tactics for alopecia is determined solely by the doctor on the basis of examination data. The DoctorPRO clinics have specialists with extensive experience in treating hair and scalp. We provide our patients with a wide range of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that effectively identify the cause and eliminate the disease.
Signs indicating the need to consult a doctor are:
- itching, redness, and microcracks of the scalp;
- peeling and dandruff;
- seborrhea of the scalp;
- presence of psoriatic papules covered with skin scales, etc..
Reliably determine from what hair falls in women and men, can only a doctor, as even the improper use of cosmetics and hair care procedures can lead to baldness.
In general, therapy includes a medication course with the use of products that improve the trophism of the hair follicles, as well as medical shampoos and masks for hair loss.
We do not recommend self-medication and use of medicines and vitamin complexes without a doctor’s supervision (for example, an excess of vitamin A contributes to hair loss). Effective preventive measures to improve the health of the hair and scalp are: the absence of a sharp temperature difference (overheating/overcooling of the scalp), diet correction (with enough protein) and smoking cessation. Cigarette smoke causes the destruction of the capillaries that feed the hair follicles and also provokes follicular inflammation and fibrosis.